A man working out his finances including the IPREM in Spain

If you’re looking to move to Spain, you’ll come across the term “IPREM Spain.” It is a figure the Spanish government uses for many official calculations, including the Non-Lucrative Visa and Student Visa income requirements. Read on for all you need to know about the IPREM Spain 2023.

What is the 2023 IPREM Spain amount?

  • The 2023 Spain IPREM is €600 per month or €7,200 annually.
  • The daily IPREM is €20 in 2023.

The 2023 IPREM is an increase of 3.6% on the 2022 annual IPREM of €6,948.

Note: there is another figure based on 14 annual payments, but this figure of €8,400 is not used for visas.

What is the Spanish IPREM?

In 2004 the Spanish government created a new economic indicator for standard calculations. They came up with the Indicador Público de Renta de Efectos Múltiple or IPREM. A direct translation is Public Multiple Effects Income Indicator. Spain uses this figure, whereas many countries would use a minimum wage.

The government reviews IPREM yearly, with the new figure announced in December.

What is IPREM used for in Spain?

1) The NLV / Retirement Visa Income Requirement

The primary applicant income requirement for the Spain Non-Lucrative Visa application (retirement visa) is 400% x IPREM.

2) Spain Student Visa Income Requirement

You’ll need to show you have 100% x IPREM to qualify for the Spain Student Visa.

3) Family Member Residency

If you include additional dependents on your residence permit application or application for family reunion residency, you use IPREM. You should show you can support them living in Spain. You’ll need 100% x IPREM for each dependent on a non-lucrative application. You’ll also need health insurance for each.

4) Social and Welfare Payments

The government uses IPREM Spain to manage unemployment benefits, social welfare programs, and some education grants and scholarships.

5) Tax calculations

The Spanish Tax Agency uses IPREM for some deduction calculations. See our Taxes in Spain guide for more information.

Historic Annual Spanish IPREM Amounts

  • 2023 – €7,200.00 (3.6% increase on 2022)
  • 2022 – €6,948.24 (2.5% increase on 2021)
  • 2021 – €6,778.80 (5.0% increase on 2020)
  • 2020 – €6,454.03 (0% increase on 2019)
  • 2019 – €6,454.03 (0% increase on 2018)

Our projection for 2024 IPREM?

The Spanish Government only releases the new IPREM at the end of the year. And they provide very few hints of plans for the following year. However, as inflation is above 5% in 2023, we expect an increase of at least that figure.

FAQ – 2023 IPREM in Spain

What is IPREM in Spain?

IPREM stands for Indicador Público de Renta de Efectos Múltiples, which is the Public Indicator of Multiple Effects Income. It is an economic indicator used in Spain to calculate certain benefits, subsidies, and grants, including residency and visa-related ones.

How is IPREM used in relation to visas and residency in Spain?

IPREM is used to calculate the minimum income required to obtain certain types of visas and residency permits in Spain. For example, the minimum income required for a non-lucrative visa is currently 400% of the IPREM, which for 2023 is €28,800 per year.

What other benefits and subsidies are calculated based on IPREM in Spain?

IPREM is also used to calculate unemployment benefits, housing subsidies, and other social benefits in Spain. The exact amount varies depending on the current IPREM rate and other factors.

Will the IPREM rate change in 2024?

Yes, the IPREM rate is updated annually based on inflation and other economic factors. We expect an increase of at least 5% on the 2023 figure.

Where can I find more information about IPREM and how it is used in Spain?

You can find more information about IPREM and how it is used in Spain on the website of the Spanish Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security, and Migration, as well as on the websites of other relevant government agencies and organizations. It’s always a good idea to consult with a professional, such as an immigration lawyer or financial advisor, to get personalized advice and guidance on your specific situation.


  1. Hello, is the monthly income requirement (based on the 400% x IPREM) based on your gross income or the net income you receive in your bank account for the non-lucrative visa?

    1. Hi Luci – you’ll need to show your net income; bank statements can be used as evidence for the application along with pay slips. All the best, Alastair

  2. Alastair,hope you doing well.

    If I live in Spain and want to sponsor my wife and baby to join me on family reunion, how much should be total amount I can show as my income because am bit confused with the calculations

    1. Hi Kingsley – the amount required for dependents to join you depends on your visa or residence permit to live in Spain. For example, if you are on a non-lucrative visa, you should show €7,200 annual income per dependent. For a Digital Nomad Visa, it is €11,340 for the first dependent and €3,780 for any additional dependents. All the best, Alastair

    2. HiSir, Im married to a spanish but he doesn’t have work in spain yet since he will be moving back to spain, how much do we need as proof of financial capacity? Thanks so much

      1. Hi Enses – you’ll need to show 100% x IPREm for your husband and 75% IPREM for you. So, in 2023, that is a minimum of €12,600. You’ll also need healthcare through EHIC or a qualifying Spanish private health insurance policy. Our article explains more about Spanish Residency for EU Citizens and Families. All the best, Alastair

  3. Hi Alastair! Could you please explain vividly how much precisely I would need to present as an international student for proof of travel insurance?

    1. Hi Margaret – The amount and type of insurance will depend on the duration of your student visa. For a short-stay study course, a cover of €30,000 that includes any health-related incident and covers repatriation in case of death or severe health issues should suffice. All the best, Alastair.

  4. Hello,

    I’m applying for a 2 year university course. Would I need to show that I have 2 years worth of 100% of the IPREM orwould I just need to show I have enough for 1 year?

    1. Hi. You’ll need to show you can cover 2 years of expenses for a 2 year course. All the best, Alastair

  5. Dear Alastair,
    I have four questions about National Non-Working Residence Visa :
    I am not a EU citizen, 28800 euro/ year is a deposit or an annual income?
    After arrive to Spain, whether we can benefit the medicare insurance in the local system? Whether my kids can go to public school as the Spanish citizens?
    How about the next year, how to renew the residence permit? We apply a new visa or go to local city hall?
    Can we buy real estate instead of renting place to live?

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